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September 19, 2013, 12:00AM PT in Exam Preparation Blog  |  0 Comments

The High Life: Special Considerations for Training at Altitude

HikingIf you train clients who participate in activities that take place at higher altitudes (low altitude < 3,950 feet; moderate altitude = 3,950–7,900 feet; high altitude = 7,901-13,125 feet; very high altitude > 13,125 feet), there are many factors you need to take into consideration. As elevation increases, there is less oxygen available, which leaves less pressure to push oxygen into the blood as it passes through the lungs. This ultimately leads to reduced oxygen in the blood. Clients training at higher altitudes (> 3,950 feet) will not be able to deliver as much oxygen to the working muscles. Therefore, a decrease in intensity will be warranted. Additionally, the higher the elevation, the greater the potential for reduced physical performance.

So What Do You Need to Know as a Fitness Professional?

It is essential that you are aware of, and be alert to, the signs and symptoms of altitude sickness:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Headache
  • Lightheadedness
  • Nausea

For additional tips on acclimatization, check out the following tips from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:

Please visit the following link and refer to Box 2-02 for tips for acclimatization and Table 2-07 to help you identify which clients may be at risk for developing altitude sickness: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2014/chapter-2-the-pre-travel-consultation/altitude-illness

For more information on exercising at higher altitudes, please review Chapter 2 of ACE’s Essentials of Exercise Science for Fitness Professionals.

By Christopher Gagliardi


Chris Gagliardi is the Study Assistance Administrator at ACE. Chris holds a BS in Kinesiology from San Diego State University, as well as a Certificate in Orthotics from Northwestern University Fienberg School of Medicine. As an ACE-certified Personal Trainer and Lifestyle and Weight Management Coach, as well as a NSCA Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist and NASM certified personal trainer, Chris takes great pride in sharing his enthusiasm for fitness with others and is committed to life time of learning. The idea of leading a healthy lifestyle was first introduced to Chris at the age of 12 when his father brought him to the gym for the first time. This first gym experience ignited a passion for life long fitness that would only grow stronger as the years went on. Chris has worked in the field of Health and Fitness in many capacities over the past 10 years, working with both youth and adult populations.

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