This module will guide you through the plethora of advice relating to the use of heart rate monitoring and training zones. It will discuss the other physiological assessments that can be used to guide an individual athlete aside from the ‘standard’ age adjusted heart rate; including how to calculate a maximum heart rate and how different sporting disciplines impact on maximum heart rates and training zones. Why do we need training zones? What are the benefits to an athlete and how to structure a range of training methods to ensure adaptation and progression in endurance based athletes alongside other methods that are available for monitoring intensity, how relevant are they and do they work. For those who want health benefits linked to their training what should they be spending time working towards in their cardio workouts.