Instructors will learn the special needs of older adults and the exercises they need to do in order to improve functional capacity. These exercises will also improve gait, motor skills, and reaction time. Emphasis will be given on how to recognize and when to modify or substitute an exercise based on physical conditions and limitations. The workshop will also concentrate on exercise modifications needed for those afflicted with Parkinsons Disease, COPD, arthritis and chronic pain. Additionally, emphasis will be given on how to work with stroke victims, obese clients, clients with joint replacements and other special situations which require skill and knowledge from a carefully trained and certified instructor. The knowledge attained from this workshop can be applied to group classes taught for seniors as well as personal fitness training taught at a gym or taught in an in-home setting.